Edward Adamson (1911 to 1996) was a British artist, a pioneer of using art as therapy, and the creator of the Adamson Collection.
The Adamson Collection is one of the major international collections of art objects made by people who lived in European mental health hospitals. It holds about 5,500 objects (paintings, drawings, ceramics, sculptures, and works on stone, flint and bone) made between 1946 and 1981 by people at the British long-stay mental health hospital, Netherne.
The Collection is important in the histories of British mental health and postwar psychiatry, of art therapy and Jungians and of Outsider Art. It was encouraged and collected by an artist rather than a psychiatrist and strongly represents the work of women.